With the individual savings account (ISA) allowance now at £20,000 or £40,000 for a couple, it is difficult for many people to save more than that amount each year.
However, there are times when an investment matures, or you receive an inheritance, a lump sum paid from a pension, or an unexpected generous redundancy payment. When such money becomes available over and above the ISA allowance, you may need to consider investing into funds or other investments on a direct basis.
These non-ISA investments are often held on investment platforms in what is usually called a 'general investment account'.
ISAs are tax-privileged tax wrappers; the funds they contain are free of UK tax on both investment income and capital gains. There are potential tax charges outside the ISA wrapper, but they need not be as punitive as you might expect, depending on your circumstances. The main taxes are:
• Income tax on the income produced by your non-ISA investments. This income is produced by interest on bond investments (fixed interest) and cash, as well as dividends on equity investments (stocks and shares). Income from such investments as cash deposits or bond funds is taxed as savings income. Investors may qualify for the personal savings allowance of £1,000 (£500 for higher rate taxpayers) and possibly even the 0% starting rate of tax of up to £5,000, where non-dividend and non-savings income is less than £17,570.
The first £2,000 of dividends in 2021/22 is covered by a dividend allowance, which is taxed at 0%. The excess is taxable at 7.5% for basic rate taxpayers, 32.5% for higher rate taxpayers and 38.1% for additional rate taxpayers.
• Capital gains tax (CGT) on the capital gains you realise. CGT is a tax that lends itself to being managed for maximum tax efficiency. That is because tax is only payable when units or shares are sold and create a gain. You have an annual CGT exempt amount of £12,300, which means that you only pay tax (at 10% or 20% if you are a higher rate taxpayer) on gains on funds above that. Gains on property incur an extra 8%.
One of the options available is to rebalance your non-ISA investment portfolio at least annually. Many investors use their annual ISA allowance by selling their investments directly and reinvesting them into their ISAs. This way, you can often realise relatively small gains that may be fully or partially within the annual CGT exempt amount of £12,300. This reduces the possibility that taxable gains will accumulate to cause you a problem in the future if you wanted to withdraw a large sum from your portfolio. With the ISA allowance remaining at £20,000, it might not be long before your directly held investments are transferred into your tax-free ISA account. In the meantime, with care, the tax you need to pay on these other investments can be managed efficiently.
If you'd like to talk to one of our advice team about your financial situation, please get in touch.
The value of tax relief depends on your individual circumstances. The Financial Conduct Authority does not regulate tax advice, and tax laws can change.
The value of your investment can go down as well as up, and you may not get back the full amount you invested.
Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. Investing in shares should be regarded as a long-term investment and should fit with your overall attitude to risk and financial circumstances.